You can find out the following pieces of information from this blog:
- What is periodontitis?
- How does it develop and what harmful effects does it have?
- How can you recognise it?
- Shall we just forget about smiling and laughing confidently?
What is periodontitis?
This parodontium disease damages the gum and the jaw bone with the help of the bacteria that the plaque and tartar contain. If not treated, it leads to gum and bone recession, bad breath and tooth loss. The disease can be symptom-free as well and that is why it is also called the ‘Silent Killer’.
As a result of the ‘Silent Killer’ the remaining teeth have to be extracted as there has no bone left that could hold them.
If the bone loss is severe even dentures cannot be worn.s
Periodontitis has several forms which you can find out here.
Stages of periodontal dum disease
Gingivitis – this is the earliest stage of gum disease in which the harmful toxins released from the bacteria residing in the plaque and tartar result in inflammation of the gums. This condition is clinically manifested in the form of swelling, redness, and tenderness of the gums. Also, the gums may start bleeding while brushing or eating. Also, due to the irritation of the bacterial toxins, the gums begin to recede towards the roots. As a result, the teeth start appearing longer, and there are higher chances of sensitivity and cavity formation in the roots.
Periodontitis – in this stage, the inflammation extends from the gums into the bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place. As a consequence, a gap, or “pockets” start to appear between the gums and the teeth. Also, there is a destruction of the bone which surrounds the teeth. As a result, the teeth become mobile. Bad breath may also develop because of the underlying gum and periodontal tissue inflammation.
Advanced Periodontitis – this is the final, and most severe stage of gum disease. During this stage, the damage to the gum tissues and the jaw bone is so severe that the teeth become extensively mobile in their sockets and ultimately fall off. In very advanced cases, there is so much bone loss because of the inflammation that it there is insufficient bone density available to support a denture or an implant for replacing the missing tooth.
How does periodontitis develop and how does it do the damage?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused by the plaque that stuck between the teeth and the gum. It is good to know that plaque and tartar can only develop in parts that are not visible.
Sometimes the gum can be swollen, inflamed or bleeding without a reason. The breath is bad and the gum starts to recede.
Seldom gum bleeding or swelling can make people think that they accidentally hurt their gum while eating or tooth brushing and bad breath may be the reason for skipping tooth brushing in the morning.
In brief, people do not notice these signs though it can result in tooth loss within years - either naturally or by dental intervention to receive stable tooth replacement.
Do not be one of them. Be careful and if you have any problems do not hesitate to take action.
How can I recognise periodontitis?
The first sign of periodontitis:
- Red, swollen and sensitive gums or other pain in your mouth
- Soft gum bleeding while brushing, flossing, or when chewing hard foods (eg. apple, bread crust)
- Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before
- The gum recedes in a ‘V’ shape around your teeth, ami miatt your teeth are more visible (the cause can also be a too strong toothbrush or brushing the teeth too strong)
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pockets appear between your gums and teeth (pockets are sites where the attachment has been gradually destroyed by collagen-destroying enzymes, known as 'collagenases')
- Sores in your mouth
- Persistent bad breath
- Constant metallic taste in your mouth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
If you experience one of these mild symptoms it is likely that you have periodontitis disease.
Shall we just forget about smiling and laughing confidently?
Unfortunately, most of the time we only recognize the problem when it is not possible to save the teeth anymore. As a result of partial or full tooth loss we start to smile less and less which leads to constant frustration and feeling ashamed.
The greatest disadvantage of periodontitis parodontium disease is not that one might end up with losing all their teeth but the fact that it takes away the self-confidence, enjoyment of being with company and the joy of and eating.
There are many way to replace the lost teeth, however, it is not always assured that we chose the method that will be a long term solution.