Plaque and tartar
15-20 minutes after a thorough tooth cleaning plaques starts to develop, bacteria stick to the surface of the teeth. If we do not remove the thin layer of plaque it can become solid and thick. This solid layer is called a tartar.
The problem starts here…
The thinner layer of plaque can easily be eliminated at home with proper dental care but for removing tartar the help of the dentist is needed. According to dental experts, it is advisable to visit a dentist 1-2 times a year to get the tartar removed.
If we do not pay attention to this a process that can lead to the development of periodontitis and tooth loss starts.
Periodontitis (or paradontitis) is the inflammatory disease and recession of the certain parts - periodontal fiber, cement, tooth socket and the gum- of the parodontium. At first these are accompanied by mild symptoms but later on it can lead to tooth loss.
The earlier mentioned plaque and tartar have a negative effect on the parodontium. The parodontium starts to protect itself and it results in the appearance of an inflamed pocket and the recession of the tissues.
According to researchers, this disease is present within 95% of the population is less and more severe form so it is important to take it seriously.
How can we recognise the problem?
As the first symptoms of periodotitis are mild, not many take it seriously. The first signs are: sensitive, red, inflamed gum, bad breath, metallic taste in the mouth. A sof bleeding can be experience when using a dental floss or toothbrush or while eating hard food. Later on it leads to the recession of the gum and the appearance of inflamed pockets between the tooth and the gum. The problem can be so severe that a part of could be seen and the stability of the tooth can be less strong and the tooth can fall out.
The steps of the treatment
Treating periodontitis is between professional circumstances and is conducted by a dentist.
The first step is determining the status: how far-gone the gum recession is, how severe the inflammation is, how much the parodontium bleeds and whether there is any tissue receding (injured tooth root).
After that the most important part of the treatment starts: the cleaning of the parodontium and the tooth. The thorough removal of the tartar is conducted by a professional dental hygiene treatment and then comes the cleaning of the area below the gum and the elimination of the inflammation. Dentists use special, sterile tool, the Gracey. The treatment can be done by closed - and opened methods depending on how severe the inflammation is. There can be a gum surgery or a so-called regenerative intervention if it is needed.
Generally speaking, the later the patient visit a dentist, the more complicated and longer the treatment will be.